10 Best Popular Password Cracking Tools Of 2016 | Windows, Linux, OS X
Here we make a list of the best top 10 password cracking tools that are widely used by ethical hackers and cyber security experts.
What is password cracking?
Password cracking process involves recovering a password from storage locations or from data, transmitted by a computer system on network. Password cracking term refers to group of techniques used to get password from a data system.
Purpose and reason of password cracking includes gaining an unauthorized access to a computer system or it can be recovery of forgotten password. There might be another reason of using password cracking technique that is for testing password strength so hacker could not hack into system.
Password cracking is normally performed thought repetitive process in which computer applies different combinations of password till the exact match.
Brute Force Password Cracking:
Term brute force password cracking may also be referred as brute force attack. Brute force password cracking is respective process of guessing password, in this process software or tool creates a large number of password combinations. Basically it’s a trail-and-error technique used by software to obtain password information from system.
A brute force attack are normally used by hackers when there is no chance of taking advantage of encrypted system weakness or by security analysis experts to test an organization’s network security .This method of password cracking is very fast for short length passwords but for long length passwords dictionary attack technique is normally used.
Time taken by brute force password cracking software to crack password is normally depend upon speed of system and internet connection.
GPU is graphics processing unit, sometimes also called visual processing unit. Before talking about GPU password cracking we must have some understanding about hashes. When user enter password the password information stored in form of computer hashes using the one-way hashing algorithm.
In this password cracking technique using GPU software take a password guess and look through hashing algorithm and compare it or match it with the existing hashes till the exact match.
GPU can perform mathematical functions in parallel as GPU have hundreds of core that gives massive advantage in cracking password. GPU is much faster than CPU so that’s the reason of using GPU instead of CPU.
CUDA Password Cracking:
CUDA Compute Unified Device Architecture is a model for programming and a platform that perform computations in parallel, created by NVIDIA for graphic processing.
CUDA Password cracking includes cracking passwords using Graphics card which have GPU chip, GPU can perform mathematical functions in parallel so the speed of cracking password is faster than CPU.GPU have many 32bit chips on it that perform this operation very quickly.
We can easily access CUDA through libraries, directives and with the help of different programming languages that includes C, C++ and FORTRAN. Password Cracking Tools
Given below is the list of Top 10 Password cracking tools.
1. Cain and Abel : Top password cracking tool for Windows
Cain & Abel is one of the top cracking tool for password cracking and password recovery for Windows OS.
Cain & Abel can use techniques of Dictionary Attack, Brute-Force and Cryptanalysis attacks to crack encrypted passwords. So it only uses the weakness of system to crack password. GUI Interface of software is very simple and easy to use. But have availability limitation, tool only available for window based systems .Cain & Abel tool have many good features some of the features of tool are discussed below:
Features of Cain & Abel:
Used for WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) cracking
Have ability to record conversation over IP
Cab be used as Network Password Sniffer
Ability to resolve addresses IP to MAC.
Can crack verity of hashes including LM and NT hashes, IOS and PIX hashes, RADIUS hashes, RDP passwords, and lots more than that.
2. John the Ripper : Multi-platform, Powerful, Flexible password cracking tool
John the Ripper is a free multi or cross platform password cracking software. Its called multi platform as it combines different password cracking features into one package.
It’s primarily used to crack weak UNIX passwords but also available for Linux, Mac, and Windows. We can run this software against different password encryptions including many password hashes normally found in different UNIX versions. These hashes are DES, LM hash of Windows NT/2000/XP/2003, MD5, and AFS.
Features of John the Ripper
Supportive with Brute force password cracking and dictionary attacks
Available free for use
Pro version is also available with additional features
3. Aircrack : Fast and effective WEP/WPA cracking tool
Aircrack is a combination different tools used for Wifi, WEP and WPA passwords cracking. With the help of these tools you can crack WEP/WPA passwords easily and effectively
Brute force, FMS attack, and dictionary attacks techniques can be used to crack WEP/WPA passwords. Basically it collects and analyzes encrypted packets then using its different tool crack password out of the packets. Although aircrack is available for Windows but there are different issues with this software if we use this in Windows environment, so it’s best when we use it in Linux environment.
Features of Aircrack
Supportive with both Brute force and dictionary attacks cracking techniques
Available for Windows and Linux
Available in live CD
4. THC Hydra : Multiple services supportive, Network authentication cracker
THC Hydra is a supper fast network password cracking tool. It uses network to crack remote systems passwords.
It can be used to crack passwords of different protocols including HTTPS, HTTP, FTP, SMTP, Cisco, CVS, SQL, SMTP etc. It will give you option that you may supply a dictionary file that contains list of possible passwords. It’s best when we use it in Linux environment.
Features of THC Hydra
Fast cracking speed
Available for Windows, Linux ,Solaris and OS X
New modules can be added easily to enhance features
Supportive with Brute force and dictionary attacks
5. RainbowCrack : New Innovation in Password Hash Cracker
RainbowCrack software uses rainbow tables to crack hashes, in other words we can say it uses process of a large-scale time-memory trade for effective and fast password cracking.
Large-scale-time-memory-trade-off is a process of computing all hashes and plain text using a selected hash algorithm. After calculations, obtained results are stored in the tables called rainbow table. Process of creating rainbow tables is very time consuming but when its done software works very fast.
Password cracking using rainbow table is faster than the normal brute force attack method. It’s available for Linux and Windows operating system.
Features of Rainbow Crack
Support verity of Rainbow tables
Runs on Windows (XP/Vista/7/8) and Linux operating systems (x86 and x86_64)
Simple in use
6. OphCrack : Tool for Windows password cracking
OphCrack used to crack Windows user passwords with the help of rainbow tables that are available in a bootable CD.
Ophcrack is completely free to download, Windows based password cracker that uses rainbow tables to crack Windows user passwords. It normally cracks LM and NTLM hashes. Software has simple GUI and can runs on different platforms.
Features of OphCrack
Available for Windows but also available for Linux, Mac, Unix, and OS X
Uses for LM hashes of Windows and NTLM hashes of Windows vista.
Rainbow tables available free and easily for Windows
To simplify the process of cracking Live CD is available
7. Brutus : A brute force attack cracker for remote systems
Brutus is the fastest, most flexible, and most popular software used to crack remote system passwords. It guess password through applying different permutations or by using a dictionary.
It can be used for different network protocols including HTTP, FTP, IMAP, NNTP and other types such as SMB, Telnet etc. It also gives you facility of creating your own authentication type. It also includes extra options of load and resume, so process can be paused when required and you can resume process when you want.
It is only available for windows operation systems. Tool has a limitation that it has not been updated since 2000.
Features of Brutus
Available for Windows
Can be used with different network protocols
Tool have many good extra features
Support SOCK proxy for all types of authentications
Capability of error handling and recovery
Authentication engine is multi stage
8. L0phtCrack : Smart tool for Windows password recovery
Just like OphCrack tool L0phtCrack is also a Windows passwords recovery tool uses hashes to crack passwords, with extra features of Brute force and dictionary attacks.
It normally gains access to these hashes from directories, network servers, or domain controllers. It is capable of doing hash extraction from 32 & 64 bit Windows systems, multiprocessor algorithms, scheduling, and can also perform decoding and monitoring networks. Yet it is still the easiest to use password auditing and recovery software available.
Features of L0phtCrack
Available for Windows XP, NT, 2000, Server 2003,and Server 2008
Can work in both 32- and 64-bit environments
Extra feature of schedule routine auditing on daily, weekly, monthly bases
After run it provide complete Audit Summary in report page
9. Pwdump : Password recovery tool for Windows
Pwdump is actually different Windows programs that are used to provide LM and NTML hashes of system user accounts.
Pwdump password cracker is capable of extracting LM, NTLM and LanMan hashes from the target in Windows, in case if Syskey is disabled, software has the ability to extract in this condition.
Software is update with extra feature of password histories display if history is available. Extracted data will be available in form that is compatible with L0phtcrack.
Recently software is updated to new version called Fgdump as Pwdump not work fine when any antivirus program is running.
Features of Pwdump
Available for Windows XP, 2000
Powerful extra feature are available in new version of Pwdump
Ability to run multithreaded
It can perform cachedump (Crashed credentials dump) and pstgdump (Protected storage dump)
10. Medusa : Speedy network password cracking tool
Medusa is remote systems password cracking tool just like THC Hydra but its stability, and fast login ability prefer him over THC Hydra.
It is speedy brute force, parallel and modular tool. Software can perform Brute force attack against multiple users, hosts, and passwords. It supports many protocols including AFP, HTTP, CVS, IMAP, FTP, SSH, SQL, POP3, Telnet and VNC etc.
Medusa is pthread-based tool, this feature prevent unnecessarily duplicate of information. All modules available as an independent .mod file, so no modification is required to extend the list that supports services for brute forcing attack.
Features of Medusa
Available for Windows, SunOS, BSD, and Mac OS X
Capable of performing Thread based parallel testing
Good feature of Flexible user input
Due to parallel processing speed of cracking is very fast
How to create a password that is hard to crack
In this post, we have listed 10 password cracking tools. These tools try to crack passwords with different password cracking algorithms. Most of the password cracking tools are available for free. So, you should always try to have a strong password that is hard to crack by these password cracking tools. These are few tips you can try while creating a password.
The longer the password, the harder it is to crack: Password length is the most important factor. If you select a small password, password cracking tools can easily crack it by using few words combinations. A longer password will take a longer time in guessing. You’re your password at least 8 characters long.
Always use a combination of characters, numbers and special characters: This is another thing which makes passwords hard to crack. Password cracking tools try the combination of one by one. Have a combination of small characters, capital letters, and special characters. Suppose if you have only numbers in your password. Password cracking tools only need to guess numbers from 0-9. Here only length matters. But having a password combination of a-z, A-Z, 0-9 and other special characters with a good length will make it harder to crack. This kind of password sometimes takes weeks to crack.
Variety in passwords: One important thing you must always take care. Never use same password everywhere. Cyber criminals can steal passwords from one website and then try it on other websites too.
In case you are not sure about the strength of your password, you can check it from variety of online tools available for free. Try this official Kaspersky Tool for checking the password strength.
Never enter your real password.
What to avoid while selecting your password
There are a few things which were very common a few years back and still exist. Most of the password cracking tools start from there. Passwords that fall into this category are most easy to crack. These are the few password mistakes which you should avoid:
- Never use a dictionary word
- Avoid using your pet’s name, parent name, your phone number, driver’s license number or anything which is easy to guess.
- Avoid using passwords with sequence or repeated characters: For Ex: 1111111, 12345678 or qwerty, asdfgh.
- Avoid using passwords that fall in worst password list. Every year, data analysis companies publish the list of worst passwords of the year from analyzing the leaked password data.
The top 11 worst passwords of 2012:
Source : Top 10 Password Cracking Tools
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